Learning English as a Second Language for Adults

By Published On: April 6th, 2016

Begin by evaluating their needs, if you’ll be dealing with adult students of English. Several English as a Second Language pupils understand what they need to discover. At the start their needs will most probably be “survival” phrases (i.e. Where is the toilet? How much does it cost? Traffic signal reading). Chances are they’ll require simple practical English for signing their kid up for school, getting health care, and completing job applications.

This makes the information applicable for their lives and gives a voice to the pupils in their education. It also gives a chance to you to appraise what abilities your students have and what they require from you when you teach them English.

Use the concepts of adult learning, once you understand what your pupils expect to attain. Adults are problem solvers, self – disciplined, and often much more focused than kids. They know how to feel and they know how to discover new things. They’ll need to understand how something is appropriate to their lifestyle if they are to properly learn it.

Language jobs require making proper use of the four language skills of writing,reading, talking, and listening. Program your classroom time so that four skills are utilized in most class sessions. Students find this engaging approach reinforces each skillset that they’re learning. Set up field trips to give your pupils an opportunity to fully train their skills with you in public. See a museum, go to a grocery shop, the post office, or a library.

Have pupils substitute terminology in the conversation, during role playing exercises, or dictations. This is something we do a lot of in our English School in Orlando.

Develop Vocabulary.
Practice your vocabulary by making use of flash cards, concentration games, labeling, vocabulary journals, picture dictionaries, and bingo activities. Other types of word games can be given as homework exercises. Word searches build regular letter pattern recognition and word recognition. Definitions are matched by crossword puzzles to words.

Course Surveys.
Class surveys include students recording the data on the form and questioning their fellow students. Queries could be something such as, “What is the last name?”, “Where do you live?”, “What month were you born?” Or pupils could be directed to locate somebody that loves eating ice cream, or a class mate who originates from China or Mexico. In this situation, students should request class members ask such questions as “Do you like ice cream?” or “Do you come from China?” Solutions may be introduced and gathered on the graph or checklist as suitable. Lists can be alphabetized. This is something we do in many of our schools, including in our English classes in West Palm Beach.

Phonics Workouts.
Identifying rhyming phrases are essential components of literacy-level understanding. Merge this together with your vocabulary instruction. Minimal pairs (i.e. cat/hat, can/lover) are one possible exercise. Tracks and simple rhymes are great means to pick up practice and vocabulary by producing the sounds of the English language. Phrases where every word begins with the same letter (Alliterative) could be an enjoyable and helpful way to exercise clear enunciation and pronunciation. “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers”, “She sells seashells by the seashore”, and other phrases that make the tongue work hard will provide a delightful rest from textbook work. Use real materials. Use handbills, flyers, brochures, menus, job applications, driver’s license applications, grocery lists, and receipts to produce the training applicable for your students. Have your pupils answer questions concerning the info on a flyer, create a grocery list, study a receipt. These actions develop their confidence and provide them real life practice with the language skills. Adult learners need to be able to operate. They are targeted, practical students who have a great desire to resolve daily living situations. Layout your education to meet their needs by giving lots of chances to practice all of their language skills. This helps to build their vocabularies in writing, reading, speaking, and listening.

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